Royal Tichelaar Makkum Decorative Earthenware Anno 1641
The Frisian clay, the passion for craftsmanship and traditions, the modesty about the craftsmanship, are the values wich make Royal Tichelaar Makkum unique.
The family business that has been passed on from father to son for nearly four centuries, is now led by Jan Tichelaar.
On the unglazed edge on the bottom of the product shown in the picture alongside shows that Tichelaar used yellow baking clay. Afther the first baking-process, a masking layer of tin glaze is applied, a process that was already in use in the 16th century in the area.
They painted the earthenware with various finely ground oxides on the tin glaze. Then they were baked a second time in which the colors appear. The special character of the Tichelaar Makkumer earthen ware is produced by the self-made, mysterious tin-glaze which gives this pottery its gloss and brilliance.
Unlike the Delft pottery where they switched to using white baking clay in the mid 18th century, Tichelaar has never deviated from this ancient technique. This is also the great difference between the pottery of "The Royal Delft" and the pottery of "Tichelaar".
Because the painting is done on the glaze, the pictures "flows" somewhat into the glaze during the baking-process. In Delft they paint under the glaze layer, causing the pictures to be slightly more pronounced and sharper.
The logo embedded in the glaze on the bottom consists of a shield with the word Makkum and underneath
it two T's crossed the brothers Tichelaar. Along with the signature of the painter, this is the hallmark of the only factory of Makkum pottery from the 17th century: "Royal Tichelaar".
In february of 2013 Tichelaar Makkum changed from producing traditional pottery to design.
The pottery of Tichelaar Makkum is located in a typical Dutch Frisian port town on the IJsselmeer coast named Makkum.